wpe5.jpg (2127 bytes)U.P. TREE  IDENTIFICATION  KEY
from Michigan State University Extension

FOREST HEALTH - HARDWOOD ROOT DISEASES

Roots are vulnerable to many soil borne fungi especially when trees are weakened by drought, insect attack, and other stess agents. Usually root diseases are not easily seen, as roots are underground. The above-ground symptoms are noticed and sometimes not connected with root disease. Root disease can affect a seemingly random individual tree, or can kill entire areas (especially in plantation environments). Of course, it's important to remember that many soil fungi are beneficial to trees. Those that develop symbiotic relationships with roots are called mycorrhizae. Some mychorrhizae are essential to tree health and vigor.

Armillaria
Cylindrocladium

   
 
Armillaria (Armillaria mellea et al.): a very common soil fungus that invades stressed and dead trees, usually considered a root rot, sometimes called 'shoestring rot' after the strands of fungal tissue under dried-out bark, edible fruiting bodies sometimes called 'honey mushrooms', this is the 'humungous fungus' of Crystal Falls, can be responsible for mortality of individual trees within plantations
Hosts: most tree species
  

 

Cylindrocladium (Cylindrocladium spp.): more a problem in nurseries than in the wild, generally affects conifers more than hardwoods, blackens roots and causes top death

Hosts: oaks, walnut, possibly others
  
 

Image Citations
Armillaria (2) - Joseph O'Brien, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
Clyindrocladium (1) - Edward L. Barnard, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Bugwood.org

All others - Bill Cook, Michigan State University Extension


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This site created and maintained by Bill Cook, MSU Extension Forester for the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.   Editing and modification is ongoing.  Submit suggestions, questions, and corrections to cookwi@msu.edu or call 906-786-1575. 

 

This site is hosted by School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science
at Michigan Technological University.

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